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Museo della Risiera di San Sabba

Museo della Risiera di San Sabba
via Giovanni Palatucci
34100 Trieste
+39 040 826 202
Founded as a factory for processing rice at the end of the 19th century, it was the only concentration camp within the territory of present-day Italy equipped with a crematorium. Described by the Nazis as a Polizeihaftlager (police detention camp), it carried out three functions: eliminating hostages, partisans, Italian, Slovene and Croat political prisoners, and a small number of Jews; sorting political and racial detainees for deportation to other camps in the Reich; and storing property confiscated from Jewish communities of the Adriatic Coast. In 1965 it was declared a National Monument and was later developed to a design by the Trieste architect Romano Boico, and opened in its present form in 1975. San Sabba Rice Mill is visited by 100,000 people every year and hosts ceremonies, commemorative events and educational and cultural events, including temporary exhibitions.